Low levels of a molecule would cause sudden death
Researchers at The Children’s Hospital in Westmead, Australia have just identified – what would become a major breakthrough in science in finding why some healthy children lie down and do not wake up – a possible link between low levels of A brain protein that regulates sleep arousal in infants and the death of children under three months of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS).
Dr. Rita Machaalani, Hospital Sleep Unit Manager, and Ph.D. student Nicholas Hunt of the University of Sydney, studied 46 babies, of whom 27 died of SIDS, who were found to have decreased levels of orexin , A neuropeptide, ie, small brain molecules that regulate wakefulness and arousal.
Babies should sleep on their backs, according to pediatricians’ association
In such a way the diminution of these molecules in those small ones was of 20 percent in comparison with a control group of the babies. Not all the children who died of SIDS had declined orexin, but when the levels were averaged they were shown to be significantly lower than in the control group.
Can sudden death be avoided?
What would happen to babies with diminished levels of orexin is that their function of getting the children to wake up was not as strong as it is on a regular basis and so they died. It may be said that these molecules have already been shown to play a role in sleep disorders, as other research has shown lower levels of protein in people with narcolepsy and obstructive sleep apnea.
Now, from this discovery, the challenge will be to unravel the mystery of how this protein is associated with sleep dysfunction and arousal stimulation in sudden-death babies, which will pave the way for further research that a Day could lead to a possible detection of this risk at birth and the formula to avoid it.
Finally, it is important to make a call on the recommendation of the American Academy of Pediatrics that tells parents that their babies should sleep with them in the same room, but not in the same bed, at least until they are six months old , And put them on their backs.