There is a direct relationship between healthy eating routines and a person’s good or bad appetite. Since childhood, the willingness to eat in a healthy and continuous manner is influenced by parents, who are, at the beginning, those who should set the guidelines for what their child should or should not eat.
We can talk about bad eating habits, those that end up displacing food with high nutrient density or those that lead to lack of appetite Or excesses. There is a direct relationship between habits, customs and beliefs, and behavior towards food.
And these bad habits can influence children from the time they begin to eat and are generally encouraged during the first five years of life; They mostly become the eating patterns of their adulthood. One of these may be the lack of appetite.
Now, “the acquisition of eating habits is not reduced to consuming only food, but also depends on the behaviors that are generated around this, such as meal times, eating places, eating rules, Rites formed before and after each meal, and the preferences of their caregivers.
These habits that can influence changes in feeding routines, according to experts, are:
Fights in complementary feeding
A bad habit is created when, at the stage of complementary feeding, not several foods are offered to the child, but only one; Then, it is customary for the child not to accept other consistencies, colors and flavors.
“If at that time I do not achieve a very wide variety of foods, after the year the child will only want to accept the ones I offered and will not eat.” That’s what happens to children when they enter the garden. For example, at home it is customary that food is always liquefied; And then in the garden they begin to give them in pieces or in a greater consistency. If the child has not accepted them or has never tried them, they will not eat them.
Children, between two and four years of age, are very visual; Then when you turn on the television, the tablet or the cell phone, simply all your attention is going to be in the game and not in the food. That makes the child not know or enjoy what is eating.
The moment of feeding must have the same importance as the moments of recreation, of the game; Or, when the child is already in the garden, the moment of the class. There is space for every thing. If I mix the objective of one space with another, it will not be given the value it has to the food.
2- Selective appetite
Some mothers can make mistakes and generate selective appetite in their children. That is, the child only consumes what he likes and does not dare to try other things because they were not taught. There is inappetence in front of some foods and good appetite in front of others and, sometimes, the latter are not the most nutritious.
3- Bad example at home
If parents refuse to eat certain foods, their children will also. The child is a sponge, and although adults believe children do not understand, they catch everything. Parents are people who can influence habits constantly, and example is the best strategy; When caregivers do not lead a healthy diet, it has been seen that children do not consume some food or have a selection or preferences for them.
4- Do not set times for meal times
It is not necessary to have a military pace, but parents or caregivers do set times for breakfast, lunch, dinner and snacks. This avoids skipping meals.
The place where food is eaten should be a rule.
Children who eat alone usually do not consume their food properly. Ideally, children should eat at the table, accompanied by their family or schoolmates, depending on where they are. In this way, it is allowed to share and follow the example of the people who accompany him at that time.
5- Food jumps
Some children do not eat breakfast or lunch, and parents or caregivers substitute food for other foods with a higher calorie density and few nutrients.
The manifestation of the father is that the little one is inept, but really what happens is that other foods are offered that displace the foods that the child should consume.
6- Consumption of liquids
The gastric capacity of the children is very small and, when they feel satisfied, they decide not to eat; Then, at times, solid foods are displaced by liquids that are offered in volumes higher than they require.
7- Feeding as an obligation
In the hands of adults, the child does not dislike other foods. And when a child is forced to eat, without the parents explaining the reasons for good nutrition, the appetite can be affected. We must explain to them why the body needs the energy of food to play, to learn, to grow.
The experts advise to follow the following habits to favor the good appetite of the children:
- Do not let meals pass: setting schedules, setting places to consume food, instill the importance of having breakfast, lunch and dinner.
- Offer variety of foods and presentations.
- A family should keep in mind that eating habits are formed from birth and that children learn by imitation; Therefore, parents and caregivers should be the first to maintain good habits, such as eating food in the right portions, meal times, identifying the importance of food as a nutritional contribution to the development of children, The participation of these in the knowledge of what they consume and its importance.
- Do not demonize food. The child could try a hamburger, but it cannot be your everyday food. You can eat a chocolate, but not five in a day. You have to teach him how much to eat and why.