How I control the Depression
What is depression?
Clinical depression is a serious and common illness that affects us physically and mentally in our way of feeling and thinking. Depression can make us want to get away from our family, friends, work, and school. It can also cause anxiety, loss of sleep, appetite, and lack of interest or pleasure in doing different activities.
“Juan and I had long imagined wonderful plans to visit our families and see our friends again. However, at that time taking a trip was the last thing I wanted to do. I felt so tired! Some mornings I couldn’t even get out of bed. ”
“I woke up every night before sunrise. I worried about my baby, my mom, my job. Then when I managed to get one, I couldn’t even focus on what I was doing. ”
“My family and friends realized that” I was no longer the same. ” I couldn’t enjoy the things I liked, like dancing, watching a movie, and even making love. I didn’t understand what was happening to me, and I worried that I would feel like this forever! ”
“I had enormous problems sleeping, I did not do my job well, I lost the taste for food.”
“After giving birth to my baby, I thought I would be happy, but I felt worse and worse. I was very sad, I felt guilty for not enjoying my new baby. ”
Is this what is happening to you?
Is it happening to someone you know?
Did you know that all of these people could be experiencing clinical depression?
Almost all of us have ever felt an immense sadness in our lives. This is normal. But if this sadness or depressive attitude continues for more than two weeks, help should be sought. Feeling sad is normal, being clinically depressed is not.
Clinical depression is not simply anguish, it is also a permanent sadness or melancholy. It leads us to feel useless, without hope; Sometimes, we may want to give up. Clinical depression causes loss of pleasure in daily life, stress at work and relationships, aggravates medical conditions, and can even lead to suicide.
With help, that dark cloud will disappear and you will see the blue sky again. The sun can and should shine again for you.
Depression is a treatable illness. With help and support, it can be cured.
Clinical depression can be treated.
We can regain control of our lives. We don’t need to live feeling anxious, sad, and irritable. We also don’t need to spend sleepless nights!
Anyone experiencing depressive symptoms should be diagnosed and treated.
There are different ways to control different forms of depression. The most common, but the most severe is clinical depression. Here, we are dedicated to explaining clinical depression to you.
Who can be affected by clinical depression?
It can affect anyone, at any economic level, and any age. Mental illness does not discriminate! They affect the rich and the poor, blacks and whites, Hispanic/Latinos and Asians, the elderly, and children.
However, when Hispanics/Latinos experience mental health problems, we must face, in addition to our illness, numerous barriers to adequate care and treatment. Among the most common barriers are socio-economic differences, inequality in access to health coverage, lack of sociocultural sensitivity in the patient-provider relationship, and lack of health insurance.
So we must be well informed about our rights to be respected and cared for with dignity and free from prejudice or stigma.
What are the factors that contribute to clinical depression?
The reasons for falling into a depressive state are varied. Some people fall into clinical depression when they experience an emotional event in their lives, for example, when we lose a job or end a significant love relationship.
It can affect other people as a result of a sum of factors and events: When we migrate and leave behind in our country our family and dearest friends; when we feel a lack of ability to communicate; when we find it difficult to understand and integrate into a new culture. However, some people can become depressed without any prior warning.
Some factors that can contribute to clinical depression are among others:
Women suffer twice as much depression as men. Although the reasons are not clear, there are genetic and hormonal differences that can contribute to depression.
Family history, when a member of your family suffers from severe depression, there are twice as many possibilities to acquire it. Although it can occur in people who do not have relatives with depression.
Using certain medicines, some prescription and over-the-counter medicines can cause clinical depression.
Changes or difficulties in life, such as divorce, retirement, the death of a loved one, loss of a job, change of country and lifestyle, increasing pressures at work, or an increase in poverty.
Feelings of loss of control over our lives. Those people often feel they have lost control and spend a lot of time lamenting about it, they are more likely to develop major depression.
Presence of other diseases such as Alzheimer’s, cancer, diabetes, heart conditions, hormonal disorders, Parkinson’s disease, or thrombosis. As well as other mental disorders like anxiety and eating disorders.
Alcohol or drug abuse, when you have problems with alcohol and other drugs, you are more likely to develop major depression.
If you suspect that you are suffering from depression, complete the following questionnaire. This exercise will help you identify it. To do this, consider the following guidelines:
Think about what you are feeling. Define which symptom is closest to what you feel. Answer each of the questions honestly. Mark your answers in the box in front.
- Am I sad or sick with depression?
- Do you feel sad, anxious, or do you have a permanent feeling of emptiness?
- Do you feel guilty, find no meaning in your life, or are you desperate?
- Do you have trouble concentrating, memorizing, or making decisions?
- Do you feel very tired, weak, or without energy?
- Do you have trouble sleeping, do you have insomnia or do you realize that you are sleeping too much?
- Have you lost your appetite and interest in eating or, on the contrary, do you find that you are eating all the time?
- Do you feel irritated or desperate?
- Do you have pain and suffering that is not relieved no matter how hard you have tried
- Have you lost interest in activities you used to enjoy?
- Do you have feelings of guilt, despair, abandonment, pessimism, or hopelessness?
- Do you have thoughts of suicide or death?
What are the symptoms of clinical depression?
There are several, however, symptoms do not present the same way in all people. In some people, only a few may appear, while in others many of them may appear.
Make an appointment with your doctor right away if:
You have had five or more of these symptoms for more than two weeks;
The symptoms are affecting your daily life;
You have contemplated the possibility of suicide.
When you go to see your doctor, you can take your answers to this questionnaire. You can also ask to be tested for depression. These tests are available throughout the country, they are free, fast, and easy to do. To do it you do not need to give your name, they are confidential.
Don’t be embarrassed to seek help. It is always healthier and advisable to speak to someone than to seek relief from alcohol or drugs. Furthermore, this practice can further aggravate your symptoms of depression.
How is depression treated?
The most common ways to treat clinical depression are by giving medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of both. The choice of treatment depends on:
the severity of symptoms,
the history of the disease,
the preference of the person.
Clinical depression is one of the most treatable medical illnesses. Out of 10 people with depression, more than eight will feel better with professional help.
Many Hispanics/Latinos do not seek help to treat depression. We mistakenly believe that if we do this we can be classified as weak or characterless people. Other times, we believe that the symptoms of depression will go away over time, on their own, “if we do our part.” These ideas are false. Anyone suffering from depression, as well as any other serious illness, needs specialized professional help. The symptoms will remain there until treatment is started; The sooner we do it, the sooner we will start to feel better.
Common medications for treating depression are called antidepressants. They restore the normal chemical balance of the parts of the brain that have to do with emotions. Antidepressants do not create a habit, nor do they change our personality. They help us to have a better mood, as well as to improve our appetite and sleep patterns.
Antidepressants normally need time to reach their full potential, that is, they do not act on our bodies immediately. After starting treatment, we will begin to feel better in 3 to 4 weeks. Some people may take 6 to 8 weeks before feeling their beneficial action.
To prescribe the medicine that suits you best, your doctor will have to observe it and with your help will decide the amount that works best in your body. So it is important that you communicate regularly with him and that you take your medications exactly as directed. Progressively, your doctor may suggest a change in the doses until you achieve the most suitable treatment for you.
Even as we begin to feel better, we must understand that we should continue to take our antidepressants, at least 4 to 9 months after symptoms have improved.
We can choose different forms of psychotherapy, which includes individual, family, or group treatment. Clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, social workers, and counselors are trained to understand and help you better manage your problems.
“It was difficult for me to decide to go see Dr. García. But talking to him helped me a lot. He listened to my problems very carefully, he never made me feel ashamed. He also didn’t criticize me for feeling how I felt. After a while, I became optimistic about my future again. Without therapy, I can’t imagine where I would be today. ”
“I didn’t want to go see a therapist, I was very nervous. It also seemed to me that they had no right to know about my problems. Why talk to a stranger, if I didn’t even want my best friend to know about it? However, with my silence, things did not improve. As much as I put all my effort every day I felt more and more depressed. I got the name of a therapist in Spanish and close to my job. After 3 months of getting help from a counselor and taking my antidepressants, I started seeing light at the end of the tunnel. I am still very proud of myself, not only for having overcome my mistrust to ask for help but for having managed to take the step towards my improvement ”.
“After a month of therapy and taking medications, I felt hope again, I feel like before. My family is relieved and happy to see me like this. ”
Medications and therapy don’t work for everyone in the same way. For this reason, if you do not feel better after 6 or 8 weeks after starting your treatment, talk to your doctor. Perhaps a change in the dose of your medicine or a change in therapist may help you better.
Show your loved one that you care about their health
Some people with depression do not have the will or the energy to seek help and undergo treatment. Others do not see their symptoms clearly or deny that they have them. If a loved one is suffering from clinical depression, don’t leave him or her alone, tell them about your concern and especially help them by calling the doctor and making an appointment for them. Come with him! Family members or trusted friends can participate in the treatment. So ask how you can help the depressed person avoid relapse.
How to get help
The first step: Decide to ask for help
We know that you may be feeling too tired or irritated to seek help. Please don’t give up. Try to gather strength and make that first phone call that you need. Explain your symptoms. Then your doctor will do a physical exam to make sure physical problems are causing your symptoms.
The second step: Follow your doctor’s advice.
Your doctor may think you have clinical depression. In that case, you may want to suggest talking to a psychiatrist, psychologist, counselor, social worker, or psychiatric nurse.
The third step: Keep all appointments with the mental health professional.
Some days you may feel like not going to the therapist. However, you do need to make the effort to keep your appointments. On those days, ask a friend to help you, if you don’t want to go alone.
The fourth step: Take the medicines as instructed
If your doctor or psychiatrist has prescribed antidepressant medications, you must follow the instructions they have given you. These same instructions are written on the bottle of your medicine. Take all doses without fail. Be patient, remember that antidepressant medications can take 8 weeks before you feel better.
If you are uninsured or unable to pay for treatment, there is a chance to get free or low-cost services. For more information call your local health department.
You are the most important person in your treatment, take full advantage of it!
Get the most out of your treatment!
Talk frankly with your doctor and/or therapist. Don’t be afraid to ask her or ask for clarification about her doubts. Express your concerns.
Do not give up! It may take time before you find the treatment that works for you. Never stop taking your medicine without talking to your doctor.
If you don’t feel improvement after 6 or 8 weeks, talk to your doctor. You may need a different approach to your treatment or a second opinion.
Find a support group. Others who are facing depression problems will be able to teach you the skills and abilities that will help you with your illness; likewise, they will be able to give you information about other available resources.
Take care of yourself, try to sleep 8 hours every night. Walk or do some type of exercise every day. Eat healthy foods.
Many people seek support and find strength in their spirituality, religious principles, or prayer.