Kurlus: Osman | Who is Osman Gazi? His life the founder of the Ottoman State
Osman Gazi was born in Söğüt in 1258. Osman Gazi’s life and wars are colored with folk rumors, Armenian stories and mythological legends in a fairytale epic veil rather than historical. Here is the life of Osman Gazi, the founder of the Ottoman State.
Osman Gazi established the Ottoman Principality. Her father is Ertuğrul Gazi and her mother is Halime Hanım. Throughout his life, he conquered many cities and won wars. The principality he founded has reached a 600-year-old empire. The tomb of Osman Gazi is located in Bursa today. Here is Osman Gazi’s life.
LIFE OF OSMAN GHAZI
His father, Ertuğrul Gazi, chaired a large crowded oba, from the Kayı branch of the Bozok neck of the Oguz Turks, who lived on the Willow Plain and the Domaniç Plateau in Western Anatolia.
Osman Gazi was his youngest son. Historian İbn-i Kemal (d. 1534) in his book Tevarih-i Al-i Osman stated that Ertuğrul Bey had two sons when he came to Anatolia (Rum) while continuing his nomadic life in Söğüt in 1254 (Hijri 652 ) “Lion-faced moon face” informs that his younger son Osman was born. According to folk rumors, her mother (or grandmother) is Hayma Ana.
Again, historian İbn-i Kemal states that Osman was “among the valiant” in his youth and “he is the youngest of the brothers, but he is“ boxwood (sword) and precautionary sentence ”. This narrative was handled in a similar way to the themes of the Oguz epic.
In 1281, when he was 23 years old, he married the daughter of Sheikh Edebali, one of the Ahi’s, Malhun Hatun. Orhan Gazi, who would later become the head of the Ottoman State after this marriage, was born.
THE ESTABLISHMENT OF THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE
It is controversial among historians when Osman Gazi established the hegemony to become the Ottoman Empire in the future. It was accepted as the foundation of the Ottoman State that it took İnegöl in 1299 following the conquests of Kulaca Hisar and Karacahisar castles.
Many historians accept that with the collapse of the Anatolian Seljuk State in 1299, Osman Gazi established the Ottoman State by declaring his independence among the other Turkish principalities of Anatolia. Other historians were the Anatolian Seljuk Sultan II. They claim that Gıyaseddin Mesud had sent table and flag to Osman Gazi and symbolized independence with these tables and flag awards.
It is accepted by historians that Osman Gazi entered the third phase of his seventy-year life after the Bilecik fortress, which is a center of silk making and blacksmithing, was conquered. Wars play an important role in this phase of his life.
The first success in this phase started with the conquest of Köprühisar by the principal forces. In this period, the target was an important Byzantine city, and the Eastern Roman / Byzantine Empire resistance center against Constantinople, which was conquered by the Latin Crusaders in the Third Crusade, and reigned in Constantinople in 1261, and was still on the imperial throne, Paleologos. The center of the dynasty was Iznik. Yenişehir with Turkmen population was established in 1301 in the western part of the goal, against the city of Iznik in the east of Iznik Lake. Osman Bey made Yenişehir the principal center.
According to the date when the historian Mehmet Nasri received a pen in the 1500s, the first sermon was given to the mosque, which was surrounded by a church in Karacahisar by Karamanlı Dursun Fakih, who was one of the followers of Sheikh Edebali.
Osman Bey gave the land of his principality to the Oğuz ceremony and gave it to his close relatives and gunmates as “dirlik”. Thus, Eskişehir was given to his brother Gündüz Bey, son of Karacahisar Orhan Bey, Yarhisar Hasan Alp and İnegöl Turgut Alp.
Osman Gazi had left his principality administration to his son Orhan Bey, according to historians, as his historians reported in his last years due to his age progress and the “drop disease”.