NASA says that Mars can return to liquid water and be habitable, even have a plan for it
The next great goal of the human race is to colonize Mars, and here we have already seen a large number of projects, both public and private, that seek to prepare for the day that man has to live on the red planet. Despite all these plans, there are still many questions about the viability of living on a planet with Mars conditions, but NASA is already thinking about it.
A group of scientists have unveiled an ambitious research project in the framework of the NASA Planetary Science Vision 2050, which seeks to make Mars more “friendly” to humans. A plan that would seek to regenerate the atmosphere of the planet and, in theory, would bring again the presence of water in liquid state.
An artificial magnetosphere for Mars
The plan, which was presented through a computer simulation based on the data that exist until the moment of the planet, would consist of sending a kind of spacecraft that would create a magnetic field around Mars, which would serve as a shield against the clash Wind and solar radiation. There is even talk of the deployment of inflatable structures that would create a “mini-magnetosphere” that would help achieve the goal.
Assuming that this can be done, since so far it is only theory because the technology does not exist to obtain it, the atmosphere of Mars would be regenerated little by little, thus recovering its atmospheric pressure and raising the temperature. This would cause the carbon dioxide ice located in the north pole to melt causing a greenhouse effect, which in turn would result in the melting of the water ice that would restore some of the oceans of Mars.
Of course there is no guarantee that this will become a reality, and today it is emerging as one more option to make Mars a habitable place. This proposal adds to that of Elon Musk, who wants to launch atomic bombs to terraform the planet, a proposal that according to NASA would be more risky, since there is no guarantee of success, while this new proposal goes further along the path of nature.
Now, the next obstacle is time, since it is not known how long it will take to regenerate the atmosphere of Mars, nor how long it would take to thaw all the ice on the planet, it is unknown even if the conditions will be optimal for humans . In addition, the results of future missions, including those that will lead the first astronauts to the red planet, are still to be expected, since the viability of this new proposal will alter the current situation on Mars.