The American people have spoken and Donald Trump will be the next President of the USA. It ends an election campaign as intense and media as controversial, and does so with surprise: most polls, media and analysts assumed that the victory would be for Hillary Clinton. Yes, I know what you may be thinking?
When we talked about Trump’s views on technology and the Internet, we already explained it: today the United States plays a very important role in the technology sector. Not only for being a power in it, that too, but because many of the services we use daily have their headquarters there. And then, of course, there is the whole issue of massive cyber-alertness that affects globally. For all of this, we are going to go over all the electoral promises that Trump has made regarding technology and how they could affect us.
Before starting, it is worth noting that Trump has not talked too much about technology throughout the campaign and, in some of the times he has done so, has been to make assertions or promises that have no technical sense (how is it going? To close “part of the Internet”?). In fact, in this report of the Information Technology & Innovation Foundation, they reflect the positions of both candidates regarding various points related to technology and innovation. Trump’s opinions on most issues? Blank for not pronouncing.
What I mean by all this is that, while there is some clear and clear statement, in many ways it is still not clear what Trump’s “technological” policy is going to be. So what we have done is to collect the electoral promises and the points of view in which he has insisted the most and has spoken during the campaign.
Strengthening the US position on Intellectual Property
“I am a great believer in technology and will be a strong advocate of expanding technical capabilities in the US As President, my goal would be to ensure that intellectual property produced in the United States remains the property of those who produce it. Letting other countries steal our property will not happen during my term. ” (Oct 2015)
Intellectual Property has been one of the recurring themes in recent months for Trump, who even quoted a report from the International Trade Commission in 2011 that “improving US intellectual property in China would produce more than 2 million more jobs in the United States. ”
In their speeches, most references to intellectual property theft concern pointed to China and did not give much more detail to the concrete actions that will implement to avoid it. This has been something that has been criticized by the Intellectual Property Watch organization, asserting that Trump “has limited its comments to trade reform and alleged Chinese intellectual property theft.”
Withdraw US from TPP and TTIP?
Where Donald Trump has been very clear is in his intention to withdraw to the United States from the controversial and mysterious Transpacific Agreement of Economic Cooperation (TPP), that during the campaign they have described as “catastrophe”. From the agreement itself we have spoken to you on several occasions, although there is very little information about its content.
Although the agreement deals with all kinds of economic issues between the United States and several Pacific countries, it has been widely criticized by ecologists and associations such as the Electronic Frontier Foundation for its content and its lack of transparency. The latter defines the TPP as a “secret trade agreement between nations that threatens to extend to the rest of the world a restrictive intellectual property law and rewrite the rules so that it is enforced.” Among other things, it talks about DRMs, tightening legislation and penalizing journalists and potential “Snowdens” who are going to reveal confidential information.
It is not too clear what will happen then with the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Association (TTIP), in which the United States is negotiating a similar agreement but with the European countries. While Trump has not made public statements against TTIP as it has against the TPP, it has criticized such initiatives at the international level, asserting that NAFTA was a disaster and that these free trade agreements do not benefit the United States.
Close “parts of the Internet” to fight ISIS
“You talk about freedom of expression, you talk about freedom of any kind, I do not want them to use our internet to convince our impressionable youth … We should be using our brilliant people, our minds Bright to find a way in which ISIS can not use the Internet.And then, secondly, we have to be able to penetrate the Internet and find out where ISIS is exactly and everything about them.And that we can do it if we use our good people.
This is one of the most complicated parts to interpret. He twice went so far as to assure that he would have no problem “shutting down parts of the Internet” to prevent ISIS from using its network to recruit or communicate. He did not specify how or what he meant, but his idea was to “go see Bill Gates and a lot of other people who really understand what’s going on” and “in some areas, close that Internet in some way.”
On the official website of the future President they do not give much more details and moderate the language, but the message is the same: they want to avoid in any way that the terrorists (or “the enemy” in general) use the Internet as a tool to organize To carry out their actions or to achieve any other type of advantage.
“We can not allow the Internet to be used as a recruiting tool and for other purposes by our enemy. We must cut off access to this form of communication, and we must do so immediately.
Reinforcing the US Cybercommand
Related to the above, Trump went so far as to say that another of the things he would like to do is get our people smarter and brighter to infiltrate us on their Internet so we know exactly where they are going and exactly where they are going to go. “Cybersecurity” has been another of Trump’s most talked about technological themes during his campaign.
The Chinese Government ignores cybercrime and, in other cases, actively encourages or even funds them, all without any real consequence. China’s cyber anarchy threatens our prosperity, privacy and national security “.
In fact, he has dared to point directly to China, an “enemy” frequently mentioned in his speeches. During the summer all eyes also rested on Russia, which many accused of being behind the cyberattack against the National Democratic Committee (DNC), but Trump downplayed the issue and said that “It could be Russia, it could be China, it could Be someone who is sitting in his bed and weighs 180 kilos. ”
What are you going to do about it then? Although among its electoral promises has a section dedicated to cybersecurity, we do not know in detail what changes will be made. He does mention an in-depth analysis of the country’s “cyber-defenses” and reinforce the current US Cyber Command, both in terms of defense capabilities and attack capabilities. One of the final objectives? The one that the candidate so far quoted on his website:
“To develop the offensive cyber capabilities necessary to prevent attacks by both governmental entities and nongovernmental entities and, if necessary, respond appropriately”.
“Working with Congress to modernize our airports and air traffic control systems, end long queues and reform the FAA and TSA, while also ensuring that American travelers are safe from terrorism and other threats.
Incorporate new technologies and innovations into our national transport system, such as the latest generation routes, advances in maritime commerce and the new generation of vehicles “.
The issue of infrastructures is something that Trump has always touched very far, without too much depth, but it is striking how among its list of proposals is the improvement of security systems at airports to avoid queues (and not Terrorists, of course) and incorporating the “new generation of vehicles”. And he wants to spend a lot of money to get it.
Other points for which he has not yet clarified his plan:
Against Net Neutrality: Trump was declared in 2014 against Net Neutrality. Although during the campaign did not specify concrete measures, it has said that it will pause some of the regulations implemented by the current Government. Among them could be the FCC’s innovative Neutrality regulation approved by the FCC a little over a year ago.
Against the manufacturers imposing their encryption: Trump was very critical with Apple during the iPhone case of San Bernardino, in which the company that runs Tim Cook refused to unlock the phone so that the investigators of the attack could access he. He even asked for a boycott. It will be necessary to wait to see how it is positioned on the encryption in general and if it takes some measure in this respect.
Against? Of qualified immigration: It is unclear what Trump’s position on qualified immigration is, since he first rejected it head-on and then relaxed his speech to state that “we need to have talented people in this country.” This point has been widely criticized by technology companies, which among other things have long argued that allowing qualified people to enter the United States legally to work. In fact, it was one of the points that criticized in this open letter that signed more than 145 workers and managers of technological companies against Donald Trump. On its website, Trump simply asserts that its goal is to prioritize Americans by making jobs offered to the nation’s workers first.
In favor of mass cyber-surveillance: In the summer of 2015, Trump said he was in favor of the NSA being able to retain the metadata obtained as part of the surveillance and that, in order to control everything, it proposed creating a new judicial body to monitor access To the data. Then, in one of the debates, he reinforced his stance in favor of mass cyber-vigilance and even came to recognize that he assumed that in his telephone calls there was always someone listening. However, as part of the program posted on its website, it has not offered more details on how it plans to implement this.
In favor of Apple manufacturing “its damn computers in this country:” Let’s get Apple to start making its damn computers and devices in this country instead of in other countries. “The one I just mentioned was another of the technological claims More controversial campaign, in which he mentions Apple as an example of a successful US company that manufactures out of the country.His Plan? Renegotiate some trade agreements with other countries and penalize China, but has not been more specific about it. On another occasion, he said that he would get Ford back to manufacture in the US with a 35% tax for cars that come from Mexico, but the fact is that among official policies published on its website we have not found references to This type of measures.